Calendar for EAA members October 2019 - April 2020

  • 14 October - Registration for the 26th EAA Annual Meeting in Budapest, Hungary, opens
  • 11 November - Extended deadline for session and round table proposals for the 26th EAA Annual Meeting in Budapest, Hungary
  • 2 December - Announcement of session acceptance / rejection to session organisers
  • 16 December - Deadline for registration and membership payment for session organisers
  • 18 December - Call for papers / posters / other contributions for the 26th EAA Annual Meeting in Budapest, Hungary, opens
  • 23 December - 5 January - EAA Secretariat closed
  • 1 January - Beginning of the 2020 EAA membership
  • early January - Call for nominations to the EAA election circulated to the members
  • 15 January - Deadline for submissions to TEA winter issue
  • 3 February - Final list of sessions and session organisers for the 26th EAA Annual Meeting in Budapest, Hungary, available
  • 13 February - Deadline for paper / poster submissions
  • 26-28 February - EAA Executive Board meeting, Prague
  • 12 March - Deadline for session organisers to evaluate papers / posters / other contributions
  • 24 March - Announcement of contributions acceptance / rejection to presenters at the 26th EAA Annual Meeting in Budapest, Hungary website
  • 26 March - Application for travel grants opens
  • 31 March - Deadline for early bird membership fee payment
  • 6 April - Deadline for early bird Annual Meeting registration fee payment
  • 22 April - Annual Meeting registration and membership payment deadline for presenters

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Past EAA conferences

PDFs of programmes or abstract books from all EAA Annual Meetings since 2004 are available for download. Links can be found on the EAA Past Conferences webpage. Click on book covers to download PDFs, or click links for basic information about past conferences.

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EAA 2022, 28th Annual Meeting, Belfast, Northern Ireland, 31 August – 3 September 2022

EAA President Felipe Criado-Boado recently announced the decision to host the 28th EAA Annual Meeting in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Check the EAA Future Conferences webpage for the preliminary announcement. The following letter from the EAA 2022 Belfast organisers gives more information about what promises to be another excellent AM!.

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Greetings from Belfast!

by Eileen Murphy ( & George Diamondis (Conference organisers – Queen’s University Belfast & Visit Belfast)

We are delighted to invite you to join us in our wonderful city for the 28th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists (EAA) which will take place from the 31st August to the 3rd September 2022. The event will be organised by the Department of Archaeology & Palaeoecology in the School of Natural and Built Environment at Queen’s University Belfast, working in conjunction with Visit Belfast, Tourism Northern Ireland and Belfast City Council, and supported by a range of partners from across the island of Ireland.

The capital of Northern Ireland since 1921, and with its origins as a small Medieval settlement at a crossing point over the River Lagan, by the late 19th century Belfast (Béal Feirste, “The Mouth of the Ford”) had developed into a major industrial and manufacturing port on the Irish Sea, nestling in a valley surrounded by the Belfast and Castlereagh Hills. The old factories of “Linenopolis” have long since gone but we haven’t forgotten our industrial past and we have a rich legacy, best personified by the Harland and Wolff shipyard and its most famous vessel, RMS Titanic, which is commemorated at Titanic Belfast, a visitor attraction opened in 2012 to celebrate our shipbuilding and maritime heritage. In more recent times Belfast has become an educational and commercial hub and is the centre for a range of new and exciting creative industries, most notably those associated with television and cinema production. The Titanic Studios are now one of Europe’s largest film studios, and were used by HBO for Game of Thrones, with Northern Ireland home to more “Seven Kingdoms” filming locations than anywhere else in the world.

Belfast witnessed many tragedies during the bleak years of The Troubles but since the signing of the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 the city has been on a journey to a new era, with our cultural heritage reflecting both the Irish and British aspects of our shared past. This cultural activity centres in the “quarters” that make up the city, with arts and culture promoted in the Queen’s Quarter and the Cathedral Quarter, while the Gaeltacht Quarter in the west of the city is an area where the Irish language is promoted. As one of the safest cities in the United Kingdom and Ireland we are renowned for our warmth, easy ways and plain-speaking sense of humour. Our pubs are legendary, and there is no better place to meet and enjoy the “craic” with friends and locals so you can be guaranteed the warmest of welcomes in our city.

Getting to Belfast couldn't be easier. There are sea-crossing ferries from Scotland, a direct rail link and buses from Dublin, and two airports (Belfast International and Belfast City – George Best) where you can fly direct from over 20 European cities. Once you arrive, you'll find it's just as easy to get around as it was to get here; Belfast has a small, cosy city centre and the conference will be held in the heart of the town at the award winning International Convention Centre Belfast (ICC Belfast) located next to the River Lagan in the heart of Belfast.

Our programme of tours will ensure you have the opportunity to explore a variety of fascinating archaeological sites of all periods across our island on the western edges of Europe.

We look forward to seeing you in Belfast!
Eileen Murphy & George Diamondis 

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Upcoming Events





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Annual Membership Business Meeting Report

Friday 6 September 2019 17:45, University of Bern, Hauptgebäude (Main Building), Room 210

Opening and welcome
The EAA President Felipe Criado-Boado opened the meeting and welcomed the 102 EAA members present. He commended the Bern organising team for a successful Annual Meeting (with a total participation of 1854 attendees, 1734 contributions and 166 sessions) and mentioned only one negative aspect – the gender imbalance at the Opening Ceremony, which does not reflect EAA policy and values but was coincidental and conditioned by the gender of the official representatives; he added that the Board will take notice of this failure and work to avoid it in the future. The President asked for applause in remembrance of Karen Waugh and Sebastiano Tusa who both passed away since the last Annual Meeting in Barcelona.

Statement issued at the 25th EAA Annual Meeting (appendix 2)
The proposed 2019 EAA Bern Statement “Archaeology and the Future of Democracy” was prepared by a task force composed of Thomas Meier (Chair), Stasa Babic, Felipe Criado-Boado, Sophie Hüglin, Jozsef Laszlovszky and Carsten Paludan-Müller, and circulated to EAA members by email in advance of the Annual Membership Business Meeting. No comments were received upon its circulation nor raised at the Meeting, and the statement was unanimously approved by members present at the Meeting. The approval of the statement is an important step forward in making the EAA socially relevant.

Minutes of the previous AMBM (circulated in TEA)
The minutes of the AMBM in Barcelona 2018 were published in the TEA and there were no comments by members. The minutes were approved unanimously as correct record of the previous AMBM.

Matters arising from the Minutes
There were no matters arising.

Strategic planning and governence
The forthcoming year marks a focus on strategic planning for future years, building on the Framework for EAA Strategic Development 2016-2021. However, any decision about the future strategic orientation of EAA must await the input of the new incoming President. Members will be informed about the progress throughout the year in TEA and emails. Some relevant points to address include:
  • Updating the EAA codes of Ethics and Practice
  • Putting into practice new values (new task force groups will be implemented in order to prepare this)
  • Important Statutes amendments facilitate EAA internal innovations
  • Campaign to recruit new corporate members
  • Formal bidding process for future Annual Meetings to increase transparency and competitiveness
  • Social media editor recruitment

Members are welcome to suggest further points that should be addressed in strategic planning.

Membership Report (appendices 6)

The EAA Executive Board progressed the idea of an Annual Report, presented at the 2018 AMBM by Karen Waugh – further to a trial version based on AMBM Reports, the intention is to produce an Annual Report each year for members’ reference but also to circulate to external agencies such as sponsors and for promotional purposes.

Since its foundation in 1993, the Association has experienced steady growth which has accelerated in the last five to six years (Chart 1). The increasing number of multi-annual members who do not attend the corresponding year’s Annual Meeting provides an indication of the increasing stability of EAA membership base.

Chart 1: Number of EAA members vs. Annual Meeting participants 2005 – 2019 (as of 8 July 2019).

Corporate Members

The EAA President appreciated the continued support by EAA corporate members:

  • Archaologie Schweiz (Switzerland)
  • ASHA - Archaeological Service Agency (Albania)
  • Association of Lithuanian Archaeology (Lithuania)
  • AU - Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (Czech Republic)
  • HES Historic Environment Scotland (United Kingdom)
  • Hungarian National Museum (Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum) (Hungary)
  • Incipit - Institute of Heritage Sciences, CSIC (Spain)
  • INRAP - National Institute for Preventive Archaeological Research (France)
  • Institut fuer Ur- und Fruehgeschichte Kiel (Germany)
  • Institute of Archaeology Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia)
  • Museum of Cultural History University of Oslo (Norway)
  • National Museum of Denmark (Denmark)
  • NIKU - Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (Norway)
  • OCENW - Cultural Heritage Inspectorate (Netherlands)
  • Prehistoric Society (United Kingdom)
  • RGK - Romano-Germanic Commission DAI (Germany)
  • Salisbury Régészeti Kft. (Hungary)
The EAA is working on enhancing benefits for its corporate members and to assist their engagement in the life of the Association. The geographical bias towards membership from Western Europe and the rest of the world as compared to representation from Central and Eastern Europe continues to be considerable, but it is hoped that this may be addressed somewhat by redefinition of A and B categories.

Financial Report (appendices 7)

The text and figures of the 2018 and 2019 financial report and the budget for 2019 and 2020 were shared with members in the AMBM Reports in advance of the Meeting.

The 2018 is the first year when the EAA Secretariat completed a full annual cycle in managing some critical aspects of the EAA Annual Meetings. The 2018 Annual Meeting was very successful both academically and financially; the margin from the 2018 Annual Meeting amounting to 80 000 EUR was split between the host organisation and the EAA; following a 21% tax, a total of 27,000 EUR was donated to the Oscar Montelius Foundation and used on travel grants for the 2019 Annual Meeting participants. EAA software expenses are coming down each year following a 3-year depreciation system. The EAA’s cumulative balance in 2018 reached a comfortable level of €174,117and will be used as reserve to provide confidence for strategic planning and to cover for new EAA developments; if it continues accumulating in the coming years, part of it may be possible to consider donation to the OMF.

In 2019, the membership income is reduced due to a smaller Annual Meeting. The current Annual Meeting budget was presented for the sake of increased transparency: income on Annual Meeting registration fees is not high with respect to Annual Meeting costs, and the EAA is grateful to the local organisers and sponsors for enabling a positive budget (1/3 of the budget was supported by sponsors). The EJA continues to produce moderate profit to the EAA, but the impact of current trends towards Open Access and other transformations in the publishing sector must be taken into account in the future. EAA staffing and internal structures continue to be developed; between September 2019 and March 2020 the Administrator will be on maternity leave. Current staff will cover the Administrator’s task for that period.

This year Margaret Gowen Larsen completes her term as Treasurer. The EAA President thanked her on behalf of the EAA Executive Board and members for the excellent job she has done.

Membership fee level for 2020

The membership fee level for 2020 remains unchanged from that of 2019 (and in fact since 2017) – this was approved unanimously.

Statutes amendments (appendix 9)

No radical Statutes amendments were proposed in 2019. Those tabled are intended to adjust the EAA Statutes to cater for minor adjustments required on account of the growth and development of the Association.

Art. V / 13 – It is proposed that Corporate Members of the EAA can nominate an increased and more diversified number of individual corporate members in order to make the corporate membership more appealing to different institutions and bodies, preserving however the economic effect for the EAA:
Corporate membership shall be open to organisations and institutions that undertake to make annual financial contributions to the work of the Association. A Corporate member can nominate up to twelve of its members/employees as Full Individual Members for the year of subscription, the cost of which shall not exceed the equivalent of 10 regular full membership fees in the corresponding membership rate category.

Art. V / 13 amendment as show above was unanimously approved.

Art. VII / 1 – It is proposed that the Nomination Committee is enlarged to four instead of three members to reflect the growth of the EAA and to include early career professionals, preserving the rotation election system:
A Nomination Committee of four members shall be elected through a ballot in the normal election process. Nomination Committee Members shall serve for periods of four years, one retiring in rotation each year. No serving member of the Executive Board may be appointed to membership of the Nomination Committee. One position on the Nomination Committee shall be reserved for an early career professional.

Art. VII / 1 amendment as show above was unanimously approved.

Art. X / 8 – It is proposed to widen the scope of the EJA Advisory Board to advice and consultation regarding all EAA publications, not only the EJA; standing members of the Advisory Board agree with such scope broadening:

There shall be an EAA Advisory Board which shall, on request or at its own initiative, advise the Executive Board, the EJA Editorial Board and/or other EAA Editors or editorial boards on EAA publications and their content. The EAA Advisory Board shall consist of not less than five and not more than twelve persons suitable to advise on the EJA and its EAA publications and their content on the basis of their standing and achievement in archaeology. Subject to the preceding, the EAA Advisory Board shall be appointed by the Executive Board for a period of three years. If a person so appointed ceases to serve as a member during the three-year period, the Executive Board may appoint another to serve in her or his place for the remainder of that period. The members of the EAA Advisory Board shall elect their chairperson from among themselves.

Art. X / 8 amendment as show above was unanimously approved.

Question from the floor was raised whether the social media editor appointment will be related to the EAA Advisory Board? The social media editor status has not yet been fully defined, but it is not intended to relate it to EAA Advisory Board.

Oscar Montelius Foundation Report (appendix 10)

Eszter Bánffy, Chair of the OMF Board of Trustees, reported that the OMF held several virtual meetings of the Trustees and Auditor, and an in-person meeting with EAA Officers on 17 March in Kiel, Germany. OMF will for the time being not engage in fundraising for EAA operations and OMF endowment due to the high costs involved in a recommended feasibility study to start the process. However, depending on potential resources from EAA Annual Meetings, the OMF confirmed its intention to provide grants to the 2020 Annual Meeting participants.

The OMF will establish a prize, provisionally the Oscar Montelius Prize, to raise its visibility and to award excellence in early career achievements in archaeological work.

Eszter Bánffy steps down as OMF Trustee after having served two terms.

Nomination Committee Report and election results (appendix 11)
Bettina Arnold, Chair of the EAA Nomination Committee, informed members of the nomination and election process in 2019 and announced the election results:

Altogether 444 valid votes were received (368 on-line and 76 at the conference ballot box) and counted by the EAA Nomination Committee Members Bettina Arnold, Maria Pia Guermandi, John Robb and EAA Administrator Sylvie Květinová. The elected candidates (shown in bold below) will serve from 2019 to 2022. The EAA congratulates the successful candidates, and thanks those who were not elected for their continued interest in the work of the Association.


Mikkola, Esa 

 (405 received votes, 39 abstained)


 Gomes Coelho, Rui

 (196 received votes)


 Potrebica, Hrvoje

 (222 received votes)


 6 abstained


 Mina, Maria

 (154 received votes)


 Pokutta, Dalia Anna

 (137 received votes)


 Synnestvedt, Anita

 (129 received votes)


 24 abstained


Gutsmiedl-Schümann, Doris

 (127 received votes)


 Hansen, Gitte

 (209 received votes)


Lazar, Catalin Alexandru

 (84 received votes)


 24 abstained

In 2020 the EAA will elect an Incoming President and Secretary, two ExB members, and one young (emerging?) professional Nomination Committee member. Bettina Arnold stressed that EAA needs nominations and members’ engagement in order to fill these positions responsibly.
The EAA President thanked the outgoing Board and committee members and presented them with EAA gilded pin:
EAA Executive Board: Margaret Gowen Larsen, Maria Gurova
EJA Editorial Board: Robin Skeates, David Orton
OMF: Eszter Bánffy

New appointments
The EAA President welcomed newly appointed members of EAA Boards and committees:
  • EJA Editorial Board
    • Zena Kamash
    • Marta Diaz Guardamino (re-appointed)
    • Daniela Hofmann (re-appointed)
    • Eileen Murphy (re-appointed)
    • Joern Lang
    • Clara Masriera-Esquerra
    • Georg Haggren
  • EAA Advisory Board
    • Marinella Pasquinucci (re-appointed)
    • Gustavo Politis (re-appointed)
    • Robin Skeates
  • Heritage Prize Committee
    • Marie Louise Stig Sorensen (re-appointed)
    • Nathan Schlanger (re-appointed)
    • Nurcan Yalman
  • Oscar Montelius Foundation
    • Elin Dalen
    • Adrian Olivier (re-appointed)

In light of the untimely death of the EAA Secretary Karen Waugh, the EAA Executive Board decided to co-opt Margaret Gowen Larsen as Secretary for the 2019-20 period.

EAA Publication Reports (EJA, Themes, Elements, TEA; appendices 13)

Catherine Frieman has worked with Robin Skeates as EJA Editor for the past 3 years and thanked him for his support and mentorship. Zena Kamash, the newly appointed Deputy Editor, and the three new EJA Editorial Board members will bolster the team to continue producing a high ranking Journal.

The EJA Code of Ethics was approved and published to promote ethical publishing practice incl. double-blind peer-review to increase equality. Open Access impact on EJA is difficult to assess at present, and the Editors will continue to monitor all options to ensure a sustainable EJA in a new publishing context. Discussion was raised within the Editorial Board about an alternative on-line only EJA and the question will be included in the EAA members’ survey. EJA invites new submissions, especially discussion pieces.

Eszter Bánffy, one of the three THEMES in Contemporary Archaeology monograph series editors, reported that THEMES has as of August 2019 published six volumes with Maney Publishing and Routledge, and five more volumes are currently in various stages of preparation. The monographs are in process of identifying a new publisher.

Katharina Rebay-Salisbury, one of the two editors of The European Archaeologist (TEA) newsletter, asked members for submissions especially into the debate section and encouraged EAA communities to report on their activities – the next deadline is 15 October. TEA editors are looking for ideas for a new end page theme for TEA (in the past, members have contributed to “Where archaeology is made” (your offices and workspaces), “Archaeocakes”, and this year photos from “25 Years of EAA”).

Elements: Archaeology of Europe, edited by Bettina Arnold and Manuel Fernández-Götz, experienced some initial administrative delays, but five proposals for volumes have already been submitted and at least eight more are expected by the end of this year.

EAA Communities (appendix 14)

Sophie Hüglin stated that all EAA communities are active incl. the new communities (COMFORT, Disco). EAA communities Assembly was held on Wednesday 4 September, and further fostering of communication between EAA communities and members will be sought.

Location of future Annual Meetings

  • 26th 2020 Budapest, Hungary
  • 27th 2021 Kiel, Germany
  • 28th 2022 Belfast, Northern Ireland
Among the planned but not yet approved venues are:
  • 29th 2023 Brussels, Belgium
  • 30th 2024 Braga, Portugal
New Annual Meeting locations beyond 2024 are to be approved after a new incoming President is elected.

Announcement of the 26th EAA Annual Meeting

Alexandra Anders, David Bartus, Szilvia Fábián and Eszter Kreiter invited all members to Budapest 2020 26th EAA Annual Meeting.

The Annual Meeting themes, as defined by the Scientific Committee, incorporate the diversity of EAA and the multidimensionality of archaeological practice, including archaeological interpretation, heritage management and politics of the past and present.

  1. Networks, networking, communication: archaeology of interactions
  2. From Limes to regions: archaeology of borders, connections and roads
  3. Sustainable archaeology and heritage in an unsustainable world
  4. Waterscapes: archaeology and heritage of fresh waters
  5. Theories and methods in archaeology: interactions between disciplines
  6. Embedded in European archaeology: the Carpathian Basin
  7. 25 years after: The changing world and EAA's impact since the Santiago 1995 EAA Annual Meeting

The motto of the 2020 Annual Meeting in Budapest is “Networking!”. It was chosen because Budapest, at the centre of Hungary and the Pannonian Basin has always been a continuous interface between different networks and networking systems in the past, and networking is a prominent feature of today’s society as well. The 26th EAA Annual Meeting web page is available at The call for sessions will open in end September, and registration will start in mid-October.

25th Anniversary of EAA foundation
Founded in 1994 at the Inaugural Meeting in Ljubljana, the European Association of Archaeologists is proud to celebrate its 25 years’ anniversary. Enamel pins were given to members in delegate bags to celebrate the past and promote the future of the Association, and gilded pins were distributed to those who were presenters at the Inaugural Meeting 1994 and other distinguished members of the EAA during a toast with them at the Annual Party. The anniversary postcards were available to members at the EAA desk and the AMBM, and other promotion materials and publications are under preparation.

Any Other Business
Since there was no other business, the EAA President closed the meeting.

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2019 EAA Bern Statement: Archaeology and the Future of Democracy

This Statement was officially approved and adopted at the Annual Membership Businesses Meeting held in Bern on 6 September 2019. To be quoted as “EAA 2019 Bern Statement on Archaeology and the Future of Democracy” or “EAA 2019 Bern Statement” in shorter version. The draft of this Statement was prepared by an EAA Task Force during 2019.

Stable URL:

download document in pdf (Czech version) 
download document in pdf (Dutch version) 

download document in pdf (English version)
download document in pdf (French version)
download document in pdf (German version)
download document in pdf (Greek version)
download document in pdf (Hungarian version)
download document in pdf (Russian version)
download document in pdf (Serbian version)
ownload document in pdf (Turkish version)

The European Association of Archaeologists is a non-governmental membership organisation with participatory status at the Council of Europe. EAA members were actively involved in the creation of the Convention on the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage (Valletta 1992) and the Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society (Faro 2005) which together form the basis for the contribution of archaeology to democratic societies.

EAA is fundamentally committed to the Council of Europe's understanding of cultural heritage as a framework source of collective European ideals, principles and values. These are derived from a shared experience of past conflict and its impacts, and a knowledge of the progress that has moved Europe forward through peace and cooperation. EAA, as countless other organisations, shares the common objective of Europe for peaceful and stable societies, founded on respect for human rights, intellectual and academic freedom, democracy, cultural diversity and the rule of law.

Archaeology translates the material remains of the past into histories. The narratives that archaeologists create can reflect, relate and inform the social and political structures and actions of the present. By re-constructing past worlds, archaeology reflects the knowledge and values of today's world and is influenced by its social and political values. Archaeology, by interpreting the past, therefore reflects on existing and potential social and cultural condition sof present and future worlds. This is why archaeologists as citizens have a political responsibility.

Archaeologists gain particular insight into human conditions (physical, environmental and social) and human social organisation from a deep time perspective. Archaeologists therefore can predict to some extent a great range of possible developmental scenarios for the future, together with their trajectories and conditions.

It is from this professional background that we regard it as our civic duty, along with other experts, to engage in political debate, to present our knowledge, options and consequences of social and political actions. To fulfil our societal role effectively, we require the unrestricted environment of academic freedom and institutional independence. That freedom must be protected. In this way we can assist in informing the decision-making processes of our democratic institutions in a context of freedom of expression and dissemination, and intellectual independence. Respect for diversity and the broadest possible inclusion of all kind sof cultural diversity is the litmus test of any democracy. Political discussion in our democratic institutions is based on freedom of expression and the media. It involves pointed language that clearly expresses singular positions and perspectives, but it does so with a fundamental respect - and, critically, it does so without denying the human rights of other people.

Using the power of historical analysis archaeology can analyse how social transformations have taken place and the conditions in which they take place – such as flight, migration, conflict, de-industrialisation, globalisation or digitalisation. From this knowledge archaeology can propose ways how the well-being of pluralistic societies can be achieved peacefully. These lessons from history include the values of equality and diversity.

Cultural heritage is open to many interpretations and perspectives. Some of them are currently informing a growing and divisive historical revisionism. It is characterised by social and ethnic exclusion and a negation of human rights, democracy, cultural diversity and the rule of law. Archaeologists and heritage specialists are academically trained experts that have the intellectual capacity and duty to reflect on such developments and critique any such readings of the past. Archaeologists within EAA will not accept any form of a political use of history for propaganda purposes, especially where archaeological issues are taken out of the context of their standard academic discourses (including scholarly debates) and used for the purposes of divisive nationalistic, anti-democratic, exclusionary or chauvinistic argument.

Responsible archaeology seeks to widen discourses and respectful dialogue by seeking to focus on the social relevance of its discipline in the modern world and to include all social groups within open and democratic societies. Archaeology creates accessible, diverse, dynamic, participatory knowledge. With its analysis, critique and its well-argued range of reflections archaeology cannot but be political in its ethos. It is a political position that EAA therefore seeks to promote with an integrity based on the unassailable democratic values of an open society.

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2019 European Archaeological Heritage Prize Winners

The European Archaeological Heritage Prize

The European Association of Archaeologists established the European Archaeological Heritage Prize in 1999. An independent Committee awards the Prize annually for an outstanding contribution to the generation of archaeological heritage knowledge and its dissemination, and to the protection, presentation and enhancement of the European archaeological heritage. As of 2018, nominations for the Prize are received in either of two categories:

  • Individual category for an outstanding scholarly contribution or personal involvement,
  • Institutional category for local, regional, national or international initiatives, long- or short-term, which contribute to the preservation and presentation of European archaeological heritage beyond the normal duties of the institution.

The 2019 European Archaeological Heritage Prize was awarded during the Opening Ceremony of the 25th EAA Annual Meeting in Bern, Switzerland, on 4 September 2019.

The prize goes to: Osman Kavala, Turkish philanthropist and heritage protector, in the individual category, and to the Pays Basque “Fundación Catedral Santa María in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain”, in the institutional category.

Turkish philanthropist Osman Kavala is awarded the European Archaeological Heritage Prize 2019 (individual category)

Osman Kavala (*1957), an entrepreneur and patron, is awarded the European Archaeological Heritage Prize 2019 in recognition of his dedicated and untiring promotion of knowledge, protection and preservation of endangered cultural heritage in Turkey. He has been held in prison since October 2017 without conviction of any crime.

For Osman Kavala, a key value of heritage is its ability to underpin the value of cultural diversity as a source of social and economic well-being. This has led him to promote cultural heritage projects of importance for the history of minority cultures and, in particular, that of the Armenian people.

Despite the absence of diplomatic relations between Turkey and Armenia and in a context of significant political sensitivities, the dedicated heritage diplomacy of Osman Kavala made it possible for Turkish and Armenian experts and scientists to work together for the protection and preservation of some of the most important medieval monuments of Armenian culture in Turkey. This collaboration is an important context for the 2016 inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage list of the site of Ani.

The associations and foundations which Kavala supports, have promoted the protection and preservation of important examples of the rich cultural heritage of Turkey and have also involved local communities. This brought opportunities for economic development in marginal areas, sometimes distant from the main centres of economic and tourist growth and enhanced the local population’s understanding and pride in their cultural heritage and its origins.

In addition to his work for the cultural heritage of the Armenians, Osman Kavala has also promoted the heritage of other minorities who, over the centuries, have left clear traces of their presence in what is now Turkey: Greeks, Syrians, Kurds, Jews and Georgians.

Another good example of Osman Kavala's work is the production of bilingual educational materials that highlight the cultural heritage in Turkey and Syria for Syrian children, now refugees in Turkey to make them proud of where they come from.

Osman Kavala has sought to address the unmet needs of members of society who live in difficult conditions and sometimes as minorities. He has promoted his own understanding that cultural heritage helps civil society and democracy. He has supported actions that aim to promote cultural diversity through cooperation between peoples. It is for this vision and the passion with which it has been pursued that Osman Kavala is awarded the European Archaeological Heritage Prize 2019 of the European Association of Archaeologists.

Osman Kavala

Fundación Catedral Santa María, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Euskadi, Spain is awarded the European Archaeological Heritage Prize 2019 (institutional category)

The Foundation “Catedral Santa María” is the entity in charge of the restoration and promotion of the Old Cathedral of Vitoria-Gasteiz, one of the provinces of Euskadi (Pays Basque), in Spain. It was founded in 1999, by the City Council of Vitoria-Gasteiz, the Government of the Alava Province and the bishopric of Alava. Its work has been recognised by the Europa Nostra Award in 2002.

Some 25 years ago, the Gothic Cathedral of Santa María at Vitoria-Gasteiz, in the Basque country, Spain, part of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela a UNESCO World Heritage site, was at risk of collapse and required an urgent restoration plan. The Master Plan devised in the following decades by the “Fundación Catedral Santa María” proved equal to the task. The plan afforded not just the physical restoration of the cathedral but also became a pioneering concept in a holistic approach which integrates archaeological, architectural and historical research with educational, social, urban and economic factors.

The initial diagnostic survey undertaken by the “Fundación Catedral Santa María” with the local heritage authorities ran along two major axes. The first was a detailed structural and archaeological evaluation of the building addressing its present condition and its historical development: this brought to light new and unsuspected knowledge concerning the origin and (earlier than expected) date of the cathedral.

The second occurred when it was realised that the remediation of the cathedral’s structural weaknesses would benefit significantly if its broader context was taken into account. This included the surrounding urban environment and fabric which was also materially deteriorating and inhabited by an impoverished population.

The restoration project of the Cathedral of Santa María aimed, and succeeded, at addressing these two dimensions simultaneously. The project adopted an unique “Open for Works” approach, rather than the works being undertaken in enclosed spaces, behind tarpaulins and scaffoldings, as so often happens. The restoration activities involving architects, archaeologists, stonemasons and builders followed. The motto “Open for Works” became a new and exciting way of dealing with heritage and heritage projects from a perspective that puts its public dimension and value in the front line. The first use of such motto started in the works of the Cathedral of Santa María. This is therefore the lasting contribution of the project that benefits the European and World Heritage Community.

The approach has enabled members of the public, local and visiting, to come and observe the site and the range of activities undertaken ‘in action’. At the cathedral archaeologists, architectures, restorers and technicians can be observed and their progress, techniques, workmanship and challenges over time can be marked. In the past 20 years as many as 1,750,000 visitors have seized the opportunity to visit this cathedral restoration project “at work”, bringing important economic benefits for local the community, its infrastructure and its commerce. It has also given rise to visible improvements in the town’s quality of life, including its social and symbolic presence at regional, national and even international levels.

It is for all these reasons: the scientific excellence and the results of this long-term project; the visionary use of its educational potential; the impact it has had in terms of urban management policy, tourism and regional renewal, that the “Fundación Catedral Santa María” at Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain, is awarded the 2019 institutional European Heritage Prize of the European Association of Archaeologists.

Representatives of Fundación Catedral Santa María, Franco Nicolis (the third from the left) and Felipe Criado-Boado (the fifth from the left). Photo by Katka Kleinová

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EAA Student Award Winner 2019

by Robin Skeates (CfAS Board of Directors member for the EAA,

The European Association of Archaeologists instituted the EAA Student Award in 2002. The prize is awarded annually for the best paper presented by a student or archaeologist working on a dissertation at the EAA Annual Meeting. The papers are evaluated for their academic merit and innovative ideas by the Student Award Selection Committee.

2019 Student Award winner Annabell Zander

The European Association of Archaeologists awards the 2019 Student Award to Annabell Zander of the University of York for her paper Lost in transition: tracing cultural traditions at the Pleistocene-Holocene transition in north-western Europe.

Robin Skeates and Annabell Zander. Photo by Katka Kleinová.

This paper reconsiders the question of cultural change during the Palaeolithic-Mesolithic transition in north-western Europe. The climatic Pleistocene-Holocene transition has traditionally been used by archaeologists to divide the Stone Age in this region into two separate periods and cultural traditions: the Palaeolithic during the Ice Age, and the Mesolithic following the establishment of a warmer climate. However, recent research is presenting a more complex picture of the transition, characterised by a variety of different technological traditions which overlap in time. In order to better define the relations between these traditions, Zander’s paper presents a diachronic, comparative study of transitional lithic assemblages, combining analysis of lithic technology and typology with chronological, zooarchaeological and environmental datasets. In particular, new data from two transitional assemblages in western Germany indicate a continuity of Final Palaeolithic technology into the early Holocene in this region; in contrast, for example, to evidence of a hiatus between Palaeolithic and Mesolithic cultural traditions in the Vale of Pickering in northern England. Zander consequently reformulates the Pleistocene-Holocene transition in northwestern Europe in terms of complex, regionally variable developments across a mosaic landscape. This paper represents a very good piece of research, which defines a European-scale question and marshals a large and diverse dataset to answer it. It is well structured, the data are presented clearly, and the illustrations enrich the information presented in the text. We congratulate Annabell Zander and look forward to the presentation and publication of her paper.


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Report of the EAA President’s Working Lunch Discussion

Bern, 4 September 2019.
List of attendees:

  • Juan A. Belmonte - SEAC (European Society for Astronomy in Culture)
  • Alexandra Andres - 2020 EAA Annual Meeting Organiser
  • Wazi Apoh - WAAA (West African Association of Archaeology)
  • Felipe Criado-Boado - EAA (European Association of Archaeologists)
  • Geraldine Delley - Laténium parc et musée d'archéologie de Neuchâtel
  • Cate Frieman - EAA (European Association of Archaeologists)
  • Melanie Giles - Prehistoric Society
  • Margaret Gowen-Larsen - EAA (European Association of Archaeologists)
  • Albert Hafner - 2019 EAA Annual Meeting Organiser
  • Elisabeth Hildebrand - SAfA (Society of Africanist Archaeologists)
  • Peter Hinton - CIfA (Chartered Institute for Archaeologists)
  • Sophie Hüglin - EAA (European Association of Archaeologists)
  • Sylvie Květinová - EAA (European Association of Archaeologists)
  • Teresita Majewski - ACRA (American Cultural Resources Association)
  • Koji Mizoguchi - WAC (World Archaeological Congress)
  • Johannes Müller - 2021 EAA Annual Meeting Organiser
  • Lionel Pernet - Archäologie Schweiz
  • Katharina Rebay-Salisbury - EAA (European Association of Archaeologists)
  • Danilyn Rutherford - Wenner Gren Foundation
  • Diane Scherzler - DGUF (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ur- und Frühgeschichte)
  • Boris Schibler - NIKE (Nationale Informationsstelle zum Kulturerbe)
  • Ben Thomas - AIA (Archaeological Institute of America)
  • Arianna Traviglia - CAA (Computer Applications in Archaeology)
  • Bernhard Tschofen - SIEF (International Society for Ethnology and Folklore)
  • Alessandro Vanzetti - EAA (European Association of Archaeologists)
  • Joe Watkins - SAA (Society for American Archaeology)
  • Annemarie Willems - ICAHM (International Scientific Committee on Archaeological Heritage Management)

The EAA President Felipe Criado-Boado invited delegates from a range of archaeological institutions, altogether representing around 15,000 members, to join a working lunch discussion on “organisational approaches to gender equality in archaeology”. This has become a matter of high importance in all our societies and communities, as recent events have shown. EAA suggested discussing, from the perspective of all organisations, what still stands in the way of establishing gender equality in archaeology, and tackle behaviour classified as gender discrimination and sexual harassment. It is time to ask why, despite the apparent priority that has been given to these issues in the last 20 years or more and in spite of growing feminist awareness, we are still far from achieving true gender equality in archaeology. Invited participants were asked to discuss how to respond to these problems from within organisational procedures and mechanisms, and to consider whether there is any common answer or strategy to respond collectively to these challenging issues.

Felipe opened with a short statement that a key concern of EAA is to promote gender balance in archaeology. Despite efforts since the 1980/90s, we are not doing so well, and lately it seems that some progress has been lost. Machismo/male chauvinism is surprisingly resilient at least in some European countries. The rise of populism and nationalism comes with a patriarchal chauvinism. Gender issues are deeply embedded cultural issues. Felipe joked the reason he is here is that his wife is at home. The question is: How can we approach these issues from the organisational perspective? Juan A. Belmonte started by stating that in astronomy, they see gender balance amongst the PhDs, but in the post-doc phase highly qualified women do not continue. The post-doc phase is the decisive moment.

Koji Mizoguchi argued for a public discourse: something that can be done is to accumulate examples of gender imbalance in past and present and to empower ourselves. In practical terms, our organisations (EAA, SAA and WAC) should continue to organise workshops and roundtables on gender imbalance and discrimination.

Danilyn Rutherford stressed that Wenner-Gren policies take into account potential restrictive factors such as parenting, and support applications for childcare facilities at conferences. She emphasized the importance of providing childcare grants and childcare at conferences. Wazi Apoh considers the general lack of jobs and illicit trade in antiquities as one of the main problems in West Africa.

Teresita Majewski, representing the commercial sector in archaeology, claimed that it is crucial in employing graduates in their first jobs. This means that health & safety regulations should be monitored for policies on sexual harassment. ACRA conducts a survey on gender inequality in leadership structures in companies.

CIfA head Peter Hinton is rather pessimistic about what organisations can indeed do if sexual harassment issues arise – legally, the hands might be tied. Codes of conduct can ask members to ensure a safe environment, but a commitment also means that mechanisms of enforcement need to be in place, such as clear steps and appeals processes.

Elisabeth Hildebrand from the Society of Africanist Archaeologists mentioned that their harassment policy was updated in 2016. They built a committee to revisit sexual harassment policy, stressed important to invite student members (anonymous) as representatives of the vulnerable groups, so we can hear their voices.

Felipe stressed that EAA has a code of ethics that is in the process of being updated, but questions remain how aware members are of these codes. Perhaps we should prompt members to read and accept it when membership is renewed. We need to develop a universal standard for societies in the field of archaeology, and gather ideas what can be done to support women in the discipline.

CAA’s Arianna Traviglia reported that 48 years ago, the first conference was organized by a woman, but in its history, only had three female officers. They have experienced that women are much less likely to stand for positions, they have to be actively prompted and invited for candidacy, only then do they put themselves forward. Women need encouragement.

Alessandro, as fellow Italian, agreed that there are many female archaeologists, but the power structures are firmly in the hands of men. This is not only because of women having children – demographics show that in Italy, many women, especially academics, do not have any children.

Felipe added that in the selection of board members, EAA has become very conscious of gender balance, running men against men and women against women to ensure equal representation. Margarita Díaz-Andreu was very instrumental for pushing this agenda in her term as board member, and as part of the organisational team, she ensured a very well balanced conference last year in Barcelona.

The Society of American Archaeologists’ president Joe Watkins tackled the elephant in the room – the sexual harassment scandal that went viral at last year’s SAA meeting. He said there was a policy in place for sexual harassment and bullying, but they were not ready for the social media explosion that followed. With over 7500 members, they have not been able to react quickly enough, take up the debate and make a difference on a wider scale. He suggested that the next president will almost certainly be female. Unfortunately, the societies have no way of actively influencing the professionals in the field. #metoo is also not only female anymore.

Bernhard Tschofen suggested reflecting on paradigms, which is a core competency of the humanities. There is systematic inequality in language and ontologies that need to be tackled. The preference of the ideal young scholar’s career should be revised to include a diversity of careers, especially because archaeologists work in different sectors, such as museums, contract archaeology and research.

Johannes Müller from Kiel noticed at last year’s EAA that there was a map of sexist language used at excavations in Iberia – he thought this is a great example of a grass roots movement tackling this important issue. Statistical data do not suffice if we do not change the background mood.

Felipe asked if there is scope for a joint declaration, and joint practical actions. Cate Frieman, incoming EJA editor, suggested to extend the network to Australia – here, academic archaeology is firmly in the hands of men, whilst women run powerful archaeology companies.

Koji Mizoguchi suggested to Felipe to draft a statement and send it round the presidents’ list.

Margaret Gowen - Larsen stated this should be a document of shared values and a commitment to dealing with discrimination, but the actual policies need to be drafted and adjusted by individual organisations.

Peter Hinton agreed that the declaration should not include a commitment. He noted that archaeology is not separate from society at large, and stressed the difficulties of having a code of conduct without a legal framework in place. We can change the world of archaeology, but not the world.

Melanie Giles from the Prehistoric Society ended the discussion, by stressing the importance of solidarity between associations, and endorsed the declaration going ahead.

President's working lunch in Bern 2019. Photo by Sylvie Květinová.

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Public Letter of the Executive Board of the EAA to the Government of Colombia, addressed to Señor Iván Duque Márquez, President of the Republic of Colombia

Dear Mr President,

The European Association of Archaeologists (EAA) is aware of complex situation that has arisen regarding the shipwreck of the Galleon San José located in the territorial waters of Colombia. EAA regards the underwater cultural heritage as primarily public asset of highest cultural importance. Since the value of cultural goods cannot be primarily determined by the market, we feel that any action related to such sites or objects which is predominantly driven by economic interests puts the integrity of these cultural goods at serious risk.

The Galleon San José is without any doubt cultural heritage of the highest value. It should therefore be treated accordingly and with utmost care. The research process should be oriented more to exploration, understanding and knowledge than extraction. The treatment of recovered items should follow careful cultural evaluation and selection for preservation and public presentation. In a commercial situation the market value of such objects should never be allowed to surpass their cultural value.

The EAA has closely followed the situation and has some concerns related to the public/private arrangement created in this case for the purposes of recovering the cargo of the Galleon San José. These concerns are predominantly related to treatment of the wreck itself and the treatment of items of cargo following recovery, without established clarity on the issue of rights of ownership. Experts in underwater heritage management who were at our session on underwater archaeology at our EAA Annual Meeting in Bern this year share same professional opinion on the matter.

Clearly, the Colombian Government shares some, or all, of these concerns since the planning process was temporarily suspended, due to the legal uncertainty surrounding it.

For decades, Colombia's cultural heritage policies have been exemplary in Latin America and its strategic location in the Caribbean Sea confers a great international responsibility related to the correct treatment of the heritage found in its maritime domain. The EAA is fully aware of the extremely negative effects that commercially-driven exploitation of underwater archaeological remains had in other parts of the world that frustrate and cause damage to international efforts to protect the submarine cultural heritage world-wide.

Accordingly, the EAA (as the largest professional association of archaeologists in Europe and one of the largest in the world) now joins the call shared by other academic, scientific professional associations around the world. Together with the World Archaeological Congress, the Society for American Archaeology and UNESCO, as well as national networks such as the Colombian Archaeology Society, the Colombian Archaeologists Association and the University Network of Submarine Cultural Heritage, we call the Colombian Government to permanently suspend the current arrangement and to introduce appropriate legal measures that will ensure that the treatment of underwater cultural heritage will be non-commercial and that it will be protected, researched, documented and presented for its public heritage value.

The EAA also supports Colombia's initiative to develop and strengthen its own capabilities for the preservation, research, conservation and public assessment of archaeological heritage. In that regard, we wish to express our availability to provide assistance through our internal networks and our out network with other relevant institutions (universities, research centres and professional archaeological companies) and individuals that can assist you in this challenging matter. We call on professionals of archaeology in the heritage of the countries involved with the galleon San José, together with interested civil society groups, to collaborate in a broader, heritage-focused approach. The approach should call attention to the fact that the heritage of the galleon San José, is first and foremost an object imbued with knowledge of the past that requires careful scientific study and recording. We accept that the peoples of countries involved have a legitimate claim and right to benefit from this important legacy. We therefore urge a broader, cultural valuation perspective and the adoption of knowledge and value generating strategies that go far beyond the values of commercial extraction and the economic exploitation of the archaeological remains.


Felipe Criado-Boado

EAA President
On the behalf of the EAA Executive Board.


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Call for Book Reviewers. European Journal of Archaeology (EJA)

by Marta Díaz-Guardamino, Book Reviews Editor (, and Maria Relaki, Assistant Review Editor (

European Journal of Archaeology (EJA) publishes reviews on works pertaining to the archaeology of Europe and neighbouring regions, including cutting-edge archaeological method and theory, public archaeology and the history of archaeology. As well as receiving a free copy of the book, reviewers get the opportunity to access the most recent scholarship and develop an overarching perspective of the most current trends in archaeological research.

If you would like to be considered to review for EJA, please provide an e-mail with a short CV attached. As well, within the body of the e-mail provide a brief list of related topics of interest you would like to review for EJA. Advanced postgraduate students as well as those who have completed their PhD are able to review for EJA. Proposals to review specific books are considered, provided that they are relevant to the EJA’s mission.

We welcome proposals to review recent archaeological knowledge produced in formats other than books, such as audio-visual materials, specialized workshops, special issues of other journals, electronic resources, debates in national or regional scholarly societies, and other formats and venues. Proposals to write reviews of material not available in English are particularly encouraged.

Unsolicited reviews are not accepted. Please do not send a review without first proposing it and having it approved by the Reviews Editor. Works for review will be assigned based on listed topics, level of expertise, and availability of editions.

Please send your considerations to review for EJA to: Thank you for considering reviewing for EJA.

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